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Horbat Ha-Gardi (Sheikh Gharbawi)
Sheikh's grave located on a hill overlooking the Arab village of el-Midiah. Nothing is known about the sheikh (his name means "the sheikh from the west" or "the owner of the cart"), and today ultra orthodox Jews venerate the place as the tomb of the priest Matityahu, leader of the Maccabean revolt against Antiochus IV ("Antiochus of Evil").
In the 19th century the French scholar V. Guerin uncovered finds which he argued were the remains of the Hasmonean sepulchre. His proposal was widely criticized, but recently Amit Re'em, an archaeologist and resident of Re'ut renewed the excavations at the site. His findings were published in Hebrew here.
On September 24th, 1948, during the War of Independence, 23 IDF soldiers died and 51 were injured by a Jordanian-Palestinian attack on the hill top of the site ("Mishlat 219"). In a counter attack on the same day, the hill was re-conquered.
Written by the archeologist and tour guide, Danny Herman.
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